Psychomotor development – intervention 8 minutes Correct training of psychomotor abilities is important for the development of the symbolic functions of thinking and behavior of the child.
The concept of psychomotor development used in our society is often blurred. Many people think that you just need to make sure that the child is allowed to move. But the concept goes much further.
Psychomotor skills are, so to speak, a window into the child’s world when it comes to their symbolic functions, both behavioral and cognitive …
Good psychomotor skills are usually a prerequisite for mastering the language correctly and using the language to communicate with others. Thus, the term “psychomotorism” unites the cognitive, emotional, symbolic and sensorimotor interactions of a child during his cognitive, motor and emotional development.
Interventions to improve psychomotor skills, some of which you can see below, affect specific aspects of the following elements:
- Motorik; balance and coordination.
- Cognition; perception, presentation and creativity.
- Empathy; boundaries, patience, emotion and safety.
How to stimulate psychomotor development
For teaching young children, psychomotor activity or body perception in relation to adults and peers, objects and space are critical to a child’s development.
All activities aimed at developing psychomotor skills, therefore, should be fun, varied, motivating, enjoyable and playful.
Today’s article discusses some basic ideas for proper psychomotor stimulation:
1. Location, materials, and role of adults
Content should be varied and appropriate for the age of the child. This is because both the teacher and the space used in the classroom should be part of the child’s activities. The most suitable options for creating a space for psychomotor stimulation are as follows:
- Location; Training should take place in a safe environment. But at the same time, it must be challenging enough for them to develop the necessary skills.
- Material; The more variations in the educational material, the better the psychomotor development of children.
- The role of adults; The teacher must be able to observe and communicate both verbally and non-verbally. In addition, attitude and commitment are important.
2 Well structured activities
For children to get the most out of their psychomotor sessions, there must be a well-thought-out structure. Therefore, the teacher must plan in detail what actions he wants to perform during the lesson.
But it is also helpful to have the children improvise from time to time. This space of freedom should not go beyond the basic norm; the teacher must always be ahead.
3. Games are important
Contrary to what many people think, games and competition are some of the most rewarding activities children can do. They help them in many, many ways. For example, research their environment and teach them to follow the rules. Also for experimentation, creativity, and interaction with your peers.
There are different types of games, and each plays a unique role in the psychomotor. sessions. But everyone can help them achieve this or that goal. Hence, they should be among the essential tools for anyone looking to develop these skills in children.
Psychomotor development of the child in the first three years
In the first years of life, the child develops psychomotor skills, due to which, among other things, he becomes autonomous and can establish relationships with others.
In this section, you can read how these skills develop during the first three years of life. This can help you determine if your baby is developing normally.
from 0 to 9 months
- The child can raise your head while lying on your stomach.
- He can fix his gaze and follow the movements of an object or person.
- He smiles and reacts to stimuli.
- In addition, he can visually recognize his parent or guardian.
- He responds positively to social interactions by making a sound.
- It can swivel from the abdominal position to the side and back.
- He can also smile and move his legs when he recognizes someone.
- He knows exactly who his guardian is.
- The child can sit without support.
- He can stand with support.
- He smiles at his reflection in the mirror and tries to interact with it.
- He gets upset and cries when his primary caregiver leaves his field of vision.
- The child is uncomfortable with strangers.
from 9 to 12 months
- At this stage, the child can sit and stand with support.
- It can scan.
- In addition, it can search and find hidden objects.
- It can put objects in a container and even delete them.
- This may take his first steps while someone is holding them.
- He can also show empathy for other people.
- He recognizes his name.
Psychomotor development – warning sign at 12 months
- He cannot stand still without support.
- He cannot hold objects with both hands.
- Besides, he doesn’t smile at people he knows.
- He is not interested in his surroundings.
- He makes no sounds to get attention.
- The child does not cry when protesting against the absence of a guardian or other loved ones.
from 12 to 24 months
- At this stage, the child can stand up and take a step. without support.
- He can roll the ball like an adult.
- He starts using the spoon and grabs it.
- He also starts eating solid food. food without problem.
- It can work with constructors.
- It also recognizes body parts.
- It can recognize strangers who belong to their daily environment.
- It can recognize everyday objects such as spoon, towel and toys.
- In addition, it can playfully imitate the movements of another person.
- He accepts the absence of parents, even if he can protest when they leave.
- He can repeat what he finds amusing for people who get his attention.
- In addition, he can explore and be curious about familiar subjects. </ li>
- He can drink from a mug held with both hands.
- The child may bend over to pick up objects.
- He can recognize the environment in his home, park, kindergarten, etc.
- He can play with other children for a short time. </ li>
- In addition, he can share things with other children when they ask them.
- It can recognize certain seasonal items like clothing, shoes, etc.
Psychomotor development – warning sign at age two
- The child cannot walk.
- It cannot point to major body parts.
- He never approaches other children or shows interest in playing with them.
- In addition, it does not recognize various living areas such as kitchen, bathroom, bedroom, etc.
- It does not try to imitate the actions of adults.
- The child does not answer his name.
From 24 up to 30 months
- The child can now jump with both feet.
- He can throw the ball with his hands and kick it.
- He can take off his shoes and unbutton his pants.
- In addition, he can use a spoon and fork and drink from a mug without spilling liquids.
- He can walk on the pot under supervision.
- He can easily move around the usual places at home and in kindergarten.
- In addition, it can detect certain changes in nature that correspond to different seasons.
- It can recognize familiar people in taking pictures and playing with other children.
- It can distinguish between people or animals and plants in pictures.
- The child can say hello to familiar children and adults when asked.
Psychomotor development from 24 to 36 months </ h3>
- In this At the last stage of psychomotor development, the child can perform manual actions with such manipulations as screwing, fastening or placing wooden objects on objects.
- He can run and jump with a little control.
- May need to be allowed to walk on the potty when needed.
- In addition, he may start to give preference to some of his playmates.
- He may show affection for babies and pets.
- The child knows the social rules and habits of the groups per he belongs. big pt – normal \ “> Warning sign in a three year old child
- Pees in his pants.
- Cannot respond to simple instructions.
- Also, he cannot identify images.
- He remains isolated and not interested in things.
- Also, he does not speak in full sentences.
- He cannot imitate simple movements.
Please note that all of these warning signs are only hints to watch out for. This allows you to consult with a specialist who can help your child improve certain abilities.